Vectormune ND (cell-associated live recombinant turkey...) - QI01AD
Updated on site: 09-Feb-2018
|Medication name:||Vectormune ND|
|Substance:||cell-associated live recombinant turkey herpes virus (rHVT/ND) expressing the fusion protein of Newcastle diseases virus D-26 lentogenic strain|
|Manufacturer:||CEVA-Phylaxia Veterinary Biologicals Co. Ltd|
- What is Vectormune ND and what is it used for?
- How is Vectormune ND used?
- How does Vectormune ND work?
- What benefits of Vectormune ND have been shown in studies?
- What are the risks associated with Vectormune ND?
- What are the precautions for the person who gives the medicine or comes into contact with the animal?
- What is the withdrawal period in food-producing animals?
- Why is Vectormune ND approved?
Newcastle disease and Marek’s disease vaccine (live recombinant)
This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Vectormune ND. It explains how the Agency assessed this veterinary medicine to recommend its authorisation in the European Union (EU) and its conditions of use. It is not intended to provide practical advice on how to use Vectormune ND.
For practical information about using Vectormune ND, animal owners or keepers should read the package leaflet or contact their veterinarian or pharmacist.
What is Vectormune ND and what is it used for?
Vectormune ND is a veterinary vaccine used to protect chickens against Newcastle disease (ND) and Marek’s disease (MD).
ND is a viral infection of chickens which causes gasping and coughing, nervous signs (drooping wings, twisting of the head and neck, circling and paralysis), swelling of the tissues around the eyes and neck, greenish watery diarrhoea and reduced egg production.
MD is a herpesvirus infection of chickens which can cause paralysis of the wings and legs and causes tumours in various organs. Chickens become infected at an early age via inhalation of dander (flakes of skin) containing the virus which can remain infectious for several months after being shed from the body. Birds infected with MD virus can be carriers and shedders of the virus for life.
Vectormune ND contains as active substance live turkey herpesvirus (rHVT/ND) expressing the fusion protein of Newcaste diseases virus
How is Vectormune ND used?
Vectormune ND is available as a suspension and solvent to be made into a suspension for injection and can only be obtained with a prescription. The vaccine can be given to
chicks). For ND protection starts at 3 weeks of age and lasts until 9 weeks of age. For MD protection starts at one week of age and lasts for the risk period of infection with MD.
How does Vectormune ND work?
Vectormune ND is a vaccine containing turkey herpesvirus; a type of herpesvirus which is closely related to MD herpesvirus but does not cause disease in chickens. Vaccines work by ‘teaching’ the immune system (the body’s natural defences) how to defend itself against a disease. The turkey herpesvirus in the vaccine has been modified so that it will produce the fusion protein which forms part of the outer coat of ND virus. When Vectormune ND is given to chickens or eggs, the animals’ immune system recognises the virus as ‘foreign’ and makes antibodies against it. In the future if the animals are exposed to a similar virus and/or to a virus expressing a similar fusion protein, the immune system will be able to respond more quickly. This will help protect the chickens against ND and MD.
What benefits of Vectormune ND have been shown in studies?
Two field studies were conducted in around 120,000 broiler chickens to evaluate the effects of the vaccine. Since no natural outbreaks of ND and MD occurred the chickens were challenged (exposed to infection) in the laboratory.
In the first field study a group of
In the second field study, a group of
What are the risks associated with Vectormune ND?
Since Vectormune ND is a live vaccine, the vaccine strain is excreted from vaccinated birds and may spread to turkeys. Safety studies have shown that the strain is safe for turkeys. However, precautionary measures must be followed in order to avoid direct or indirect contact between vaccinated chickens and turkeys.
There are no known side effects with Vectormune ND. For the full list of restrictions, see the package leaflet.
What are the precautions for the person who gives the medicine or comes into contact with the animal?
Safety information has been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet for Vectormune ND, including the appropriate precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and animal owners or keepers.
As the vaccine is stored in liquid nitrogen, it is important that any handling is done by appropriately trained personnel in a
What is the withdrawal period in
The withdrawal period is the time required after administration of a medicine before an animal can be slaughtered and the meat used for human consumption. It is also the time required after administration of a medicine before eggs may be used for human consumption.
The withdrawal period for meat and eggs from chickens treated with Vectormune ND is ‘zero’ days, which means that there is no mandatory waiting time.
Why is Vectormune ND approved?
The Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Veterinary Use (CVMP) concluded that Vectormune ND’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be approved for use in the EU.
Other information about Vectormune ND
The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the EU for Vectormune ND on 8 September 2015.
The full EPAR for Vectormune ND can be found on the Agency’s website: ema.europa.eu/Find medicine/Veterinary medicines/European public assessment reports. For more information about treatment with Vectormune ND, animal owners or keepers should read the package leaflet or contact their veterinarian or pharmacist.
This summary was last updated in July 2015.