Cepedex (dexmedetomidine hydrochloride) – Package leaflet - QN05CM18

Updated on site: 21-Sep-2017

Namn på medicinering: Cepedex
ATC: QN05CM18
Ämne: dexmedetomidine hydrochloride
Tillverkare: CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

PACKAGE LEAFLET FOR

Cepedex 0.1 mg/ml solution for injection for dogs and cats

1. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER AND OF THE MANUFACTURING AUTHORISATION HOLDER RESPONSIBLE FOR BATCH RELEASE, IF DIFFERENT

Marketing authorisation holder and manufacturer responsible for batch release:

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13, 31303 Burgdorf

Germany

2.NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT

Cepedex 0.1 mg/ml solution for injection for dogs and cats dexmedetomidine hydrochloride

3.STATEMENT OF THE ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S) AND OTHER INGREDIENT(S)

1 ml contains:

 

Active substance:

 

Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride

0.1 mg

(equivalent to dexmedetomidine

0.08 mg)

Excipients:

 

Methyl parahydroxybenzoate (E 218)

2.0 mg

Propyl parahydroxybenzoate

0.2 mg

Clear, colourless solution for injection.

4.INDICATION(S)

Non-invasive, mildly to moderately painful, procedures and examinations which require restraint, sedation and analgesia in dogs and cats.

Deep sedation and analgesia in dogs in concomitant use with butorphanol for medical and minor surgical procedures.

Premedication in dogs and cats before induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia.

5.CONTRAINDICATIONS

Do not use in animals with cardiovascular disorders.

Do not use in animals with severe systemic disease or in animals that are moribund.

Do not use in case of known hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.

6.ADVERSE REACTIONS

By virtue of its α2-adrenergic activity, dexmedetomidine causes a decrease in heart rate and body temperature.

In some dogs and cats, a decrease in respiratory rate may occur. Rare instances of pulmonary oedema have been reported. Blood pressure will increase initially and then return to normal or below normal. Due to peripheral vasoconstriction and venous desaturation in the presence of normal arterial oxygenation, the mucous membranes may appear pale and/or with a blue tinge.

Vomiting may occur 5-10 minutes after injection. Some dogs and cats may also vomit at the time of recovery.

Muscle tremors may occur during sedation.

Corneal opacities may occur during sedation (see also the section on Special precautions for the use in animals).

When dexmedetomidine and ketamine are used sequentially, with a 10 minute interval, cats may occasionally experience AV-block or extrasystole. Expected respiratory events are bradypnoea, intermittent respiratory patterns, hypoventilation, and apnoea. In clinical trials the incidence of hypoxaemia was common, especially within the 15 first minutes into dexmedetomidine-ketamine anaesthesia. Vomiting, hypothermia and nervousness have been reported after such use.

When dexmedetomidine and butorphanol are used concomitantly in dogs, bradypnoea, tachypnoea, an irregular respiratory pattern (20-30 sec apnoea followed by several rapid breaths), hypoxaemia, muscle twitch or tremor or paddling, excitation, hypersalivation, retching, vomiting, urination, skin erythema, a sudden arousal, or prolonged sedation may occur. Brady- and tachyarrhythmias have been reported. These may include profound sinus bradycardia, 1st and 2nd degree AV block, sinus arrest or pause, as well as atrial, supraventricular and ventricular premature complexes.

When dexmedetomidine is used as a premedicant in dogs bradypnoea, tachypnoea and vomiting may occur. Brady- and tachyarrhythmias have been reported and include profound sinus bradycardia, 1st and 2nd degree AV block and sinus arrest. Supraventricular and ventricular premature complexes, sinus pause and 3rd degree AV block may be observed in rare cases.

When dexmedetomidine is used as a premedicant in cats, vomiting, retching, pale mucous membranes, and low body temperature may occur. Intramuscular dosing at 40 micrograms/kg (followed by ketamine or propofol) frequently resulted in sinus bradycardia and sinus arrhythmia, occasionally resulted in 1st degree atrioventricular block, and rarely resulted in supraventricular premature depolarizations, atrial bigeminy, sinus pauses, 2nd degree atrioventricular block, or escape beats/rhythms.

If you notice any serious effects or other effects not mentioned in this package leaflet, please inform your veterinary surgeon.

7.TARGET SPECIES

Dogs and cats.

8.DOSAGE FOR EACH SPECIES, ROUTE(S) AND METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION

The veterinary medicinal product is intended for:

-Dogs: intravenous or intramuscular use

-Cats: intramuscular use

The veterinary medicinal product is not intended for repeat injections.

Dexmedetomidine, butorphanol and/or ketamine can be mixed in the same syringe as they have been shown to be pharmaceutically compatible.

The following doses are recommended:

Dogs:

Dexmedetomidine doses are based on body surface area:

For non-invasive, mildly to moderately painful procedures and examinations requiring restraint, sedation and analgesia:

Intravenously: up to 375 micrograms/square metre body surface area. Intramuscularly: up to 500 micrograms/square metre body surface area.

When administering in conjunction with butorphanol (0.1 mg/kg) for deep sedation and analgesia, the intramuscular dose of dexmedetomidine is 300 micrograms/square metre body surface area.

The premedication dose of dexmedetomidine is 125 – 375 micrograms/square metre body surface area, administered 20 minutes prior to induction for procedures requiring anaesthesia. The dose should be adjusted to the type of surgery, length of procedure and patient temperament.

Concomitant use of dexmedetomidine and butorphanol produces sedative and analgesic effects beginning no later than 15 minutes after administration. The peak sedative and analgesic effects are reached within 30 minutes after administration. Sedation lasts for at least 120 minutes post administration and analgesia lasts for at least 90 minutes. Spontaneous recovery occurs within 3 hours.

Premedication with dexmedetomidine will significantly reduce the dose of the induction agent required and will reduce volatile anaesthetic requirements for maintenance anaesthesia. In a clinical study, the requirement for propofol and thiopental was reduced by 30% and 60% respectively. All anaesthetic agents used for induction or maintenance of anaesthesia should be administered to effect. In a clinical study, dexmedetomidine contributed to postoperative analgesia for 0.5 – 4 hours. However this duration is dependent on a number of variables and further analgesia should be administered in accordance with clinical judgement.

The corresponding doses based on body weight are presented in the following tables. Use of an appropriately graduated syringe is recommended to ensure accurate dosing when administering small volumes.

Dog

Dexmedetomidine

Dexmedetomidine

Dexmedetomidine

Weight

125 micrograms/m2

375 micrograms/m2

500 micrograms/m2*

(kg)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

9.4

0.2

28.1

0.6

0.75

8.3

0.25

0.85

7.7

0.35

1.5

5.1-10

6.5

0.5

19.6

1.45

10.1-13

5.6

0.65

16.8

1.9

 

 

13.1-15

5.2

0.75

 

 

 

 

15.1-20

4.9

0.85

 

 

 

 

*only intramuscularly

For deep sedation and analgesia with butorphanol

Dog

Dexmedetomidine

 

Weight

300 micrograms/m2 intramuscularly

 

(kg)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

0.6

0.8

22.2

5.1-10

16.7

1.25

10.1-13

1.5

13.1-15

12.5

1.75

For higher weight ranges, use Cepedex 0.5 mg/ml and its dosing tables.

Cats:

The dose for cats is 40 micrograms dexmedetomidine hydrochloride/kg bw equal to a dose volume of 0.4 ml Cepedex/kg bw when used for non-invasive, mildly to moderately painful procedures requiring restraint, sedation and analgesia.

When dexmedetomidine is used for premedication in cats, the same dose is used. Premedication with dexmedetomidine will significantly reduce the dose of the induction agent required and will reduce volatile anaesthetic requirements for maintenance anaesthesia. In a clinical study, the requirement for propofol was reduced by 50%. All anaesthetic agents used for induction or maintenance of anaesthesia should be administered to effect.

Anaesthesia can be induced 10 minutes after premedication by intramuscular administration of a target dose of 5 mg ketamine/ kg bw or by intravenous administration of propofol to effect. Dosing for cats is presented in the following table.

Cat

Dexmedetomidine 40 micrograms/kg intramuscularly

Weight

 

 

(kg)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

0.5

For higher weight ranges, use Cepedex 0.5 mg/ml and its dosing table.

9.ADVICE ON CORRECT ADMINISTRATION

The expected sedative and analgesic effects are reached within 15 minutes after administration and are maintained up to 60 minutes after administration. Sedation may be reversed with atipamezole (see section 12 overdose). Atipamezole should not be administered prior to 30 minutes following ketamine administration.

10.WITHDRAWAL PERIOD

Not applicable.

11.SPECIAL STORAGE PRECAUTIONS

Keep out of the sight and reach of children.

Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: 56 days.

This veterinary medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

Do not use this veterinary medicinal product after the expiry date which is stated on the package after EXP.

The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

12.SPECIAL WARNINGS

Special warnings

The administration of dexmedetomidine to puppies younger than 16 weeks and kittens younger than 12 weeks has not been studied.

Special precautions for use in animals

Treated animals should be kept warm and at a constant temperature, both during the procedure and recovery.

It is recommended that animals are fasted for 12 hours prior to Cepedex administration. Water may be given.

After treatment, the animal should not be given water or food before it is able to swallow.

Corneal opacities may occur during sedation. The eyes should be protected by a suitable eye lubricant. To be used with precaution in elderly animals.

The safety of dexmedetomidine has not been established in males intended for breeding.

Nervous, aggressive or excited animals should be given the possibility to calm down before initiation of treatment.

Frequent and regular monitoring of respiratory and cardiac function should be performed. Pulse oximetry may be useful but is not essential for adequate monitoring. Equipment for manual ventilation should be available in case of respiratory depression or apnoea when dexmedetomidine and ketamine are used sequentially to induce anaesthesia in cats. It is also advisable to have oxygen readily available, should hypoxaemia be detected or suspected.

Sick and debilitated dogs and cats should only be premedicated with dexmedetomidine before induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia based on a risk-benefit assessment.

Use of dexmedetomidine as a premedicant in dogs and cats significantly reduces the amount of induction medicinal product required for induction of anaesthesia. Attention should be given during the administration of intravenous induction medicinal products to effect. Volatile anaesthetic requirements for maintenance anaesthesia are also reduced.

Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals

Dexmedetomidine is a sedative and sleep inducing drug. Care should be taken to avoid self-injection. In case of accidental oral intake or self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the package insert to the physician but DO NOT DRIVE as sedation and changes in blood pressure may occur. Pregnant women should administer the product with special caution to avoid self-injection since uterine contractions and decreased foetal blood pressure may occur after accidental systemic exposure.

Avoid skin, eye or mucosal contact; the use of impermeable gloves is advisable. In case of skin or mucosal contact, wash the exposed skin immediately after exposure with large amounts of water and remove contaminated clothes that are in direct contact with skin. In case of eye contact, rinse abundantly with fresh water. If symptoms occur, seek the advice of a physician.

People with known hypersensitivity to the active substance or any of the excipients should administer the veterinary medicinal product with caution.

Advice to physicians: Cepedex is an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist, symptoms after absorption may involve clinical effects including dose-dependent sedation, respiratory depression, bradycardia, hypotension, a dry mouth, and hyperglycaemia. Ventricular arrhythmias have also been reported. Respiratory and haemodynamic symptoms should be treated symptomatically. The specific

α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, atipamezole, which is approved for use in animals, has been used in humans only experimentally to antagonize dexmedetomidine-induced effects.

Use during pregnancy and lactation

The safety of dexmedetomidine has not been established during pregnancy and lactation in the target species. Therefore the use of the product during pregnancy and lactation is not recommended.

Interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

The use of other central nervous system depressants is expected to potentiate the effects of dexmedetomidine and therefore an appropriate dose adjustment should be made. Anticholinergics should be used with caution with dexmedetomidine.

Administration of atipamezole after dexmedetomidine rapidly reverses the effects and thus shortens the recovery period. Within 15 minutes dogs and cats are normally awake and standing.

Cats: After administration of 40 micrograms dexmedetomidine/kg bw intramuscularly concurrently with 5 mg ketamine/kg bw to cats, the maximum concentration of dexmedetomidine increased twofold but there was no effect on Tmax. The mean half-life of elimination of dexmedetomidine increased to 1.6 h and the total exposure (AUC) increased by 50%.

A dose of 10 mg ketamine/ kg used concurrently with 40 micrograms dexmedetomidine/ kg may cause tachycardia.

Atipamezole does not reverse the effect of ketamine.

Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes)

Dogs:

In cases of overdose, or if the effects of dexmedetomidine become potentially life- threatening, the appropriate dose of atipamezole is 10 times the initial dose of dexmedetomidine (micrograms/ kg bw or micrograms/ square meter body surface area). The dose volume of atipamezole at the concentration of 5 mg/ml is one fifth (1/5) of the dose volume of Cepedex 0.1 mg/ml that was given to the dog, regardless of route of administration of Cepedex.

Cats:

In cases of overdose, or if the effects of dexmedetomidine become potentially life-threatening, the appropriate antagonist is atipamezole, administered by intramuscular injection, at the following dose: 5 times the initial dose dexmedetomidine in micrograms/kg bw. The dose volume of atipamezole at the concentration of 5 mg/ml is one-tenth (1/10) the volume of Cepedex 0.1 mg/ml that was given to the cat.

After concurrent exposure to an overdose of dexmedetomidine (3 times the recommended dose) and 15 mg ketamine/ kg, atipamezole can be administered at the recommended dose level for reversal of effects induced by dexmedetomidine.

Incompatibilities None known.

Dexmedetomidine is compatible with butorphanol and ketamine in the same syringe at least for two hours.

13. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR THE DISPOSAL OF UNUSED VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR WASTE MATERIALS, IF ANY

Ask your veterinary surgeon or pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures should help to protect the environment.

14.DATE ON WHICH THE PACKAGE LEAFLET WAS LAST APPROVED

15.OTHER INFORMATION

Colourless Type I glass vials of 5 ml and 10 ml closed with a coated bromobutyl rubber stopper and aluminium cap in a carton box.

Cardboard box pack sizes: 1 vial of 5 ml

1 or 5 vials of 10 ml

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

PACKAGE LEAFLET FOR

Cepedex 0.5 mg/ml solution for injection for dogs and cats

1. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER AND OF THE MANUFACTURING AUTHORISATION HOLDER RESPONSIBLE FOR BATCH RELEASE, IF DIFFERENT

Marketing authorisation holder and manufacturer responsible for batch release:

CP Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13, 31303 Burgdorf

Germany

2. NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT

Cepedex 0.5 mg/ml solution for injection for dogs and cats dexmedetomidine hydrochloride

3. STATEMENT OF THE ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S) AND OTHER INGREDIENT(S)

1 ml contains:

 

Active substance:

 

Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride

0.5 mg

(equivalent to dexmedetomidine

0.42 mg)

Excipient(s):

 

Methyl parahydroxybenzoate (E 218)

1.6 mg

Propyl parahydroxybenzoate

0.2 mg

Clear, colourless solution for injection.

4. INDICATION(S)

Non-invasive, mildly to moderately painful, procedures and examinations which require restraint, sedation and analgesia in dogs and cats.

Deep sedation and analgesia in dogs in concomitant use with butorphanol for medical and minor surgical procedures.

Premedication in dogs and cats before induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia.

5. CONTRAINDICATIONS

Do not use in animals with cardiovascular disorders.

Do not use in animals with severe systemic disease or in animals that are moribund.

Do not use in case of known hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.

6. ADVERSE REACTIONS

By virtue of its α2-adrenergic activity, dexmedetomidine causes a decrease in heart rate and body temperature.

In some dogs and cats, a decrease in respiratory rate may occur. Rare instances of pulmonary oedema have been reported. Blood pressure will increase initially and then return to normal or below normal. Due to peripheral vasoconstriction and venous desaturation in the presence of normal arterial oxygenation, the mucous membranes may appear pale and/or with a blue tinge.

Vomiting may occur 5-10 minutes after injection. Some dogs and cats may also vomit at the time of recovery.

Muscle tremors may occur during sedation.

Corneal opacities may occur during sedation (see also the section on Special precautions for the use in animals).

When dexmedetomidine and ketamine are used sequentially, with a 10 minute interval, cats may occasionally experience AV-block or extrasystole. Expected respiratory events are bradypnoea, intermittent respiratory patterns, hypoventilation, and apnoea. In clinical trials the incidence of hypoxaemia was common, especially within the 15 first minutes into dexmedetomidine-ketamine anaesthesia. Vomiting, hypothermia and nervousness have been reported after such use.

When dexmedetomidine and butorphanol are used concomitantly in dogs, bradypnoea, tachypnoea, an irregular respiratory pattern (20-30 sec apnoea followed by several rapid breaths), hypoxaemia, muscle twitch or tremor or paddling, excitation, hypersalivation, retching, vomiting, urination, skin erythema, a sudden arousal, or prolonged sedation may occur. Brady- and tachyarrhythmias have been reported. These may include profound sinus bradycardia, 1st and 2nd degree AV block, sinus arrest or pause, as well as atrial, supraventricular and ventricular premature complexes.

When dexmedetomidine is used as a premedicant in dogs bradypnoea, tachypnoea and vomiting may occur. Brady- and tachyarrhythmias have been reported and include profound sinus bradycardia, 1st and 2nd degree AV block and sinus arrest. Supraventricular and ventricular premature complexes, sinus pause and 3rd degree AV block may be observed in rare cases.

When dexmedetomidine is used as a premedicant in cats, vomiting, retching, pale mucous membranes, and low body temperature may occur. Intramuscular dosing at 40 micrograms/kg (followed by ketamine or propofol) frequently resulted in sinus bradycardia and sinus arrhythmia, occasionally resulted in 1st degree atrioventricular block, and rarely resulted in supraventricular premature depolarizations, atrial bigeminy, sinus pauses, 2nd degree atrioventricular block, or escape beats/rhythms.

If you notice any serious effects or other effects not mentioned in this package leaflet, please inform your veterinary surgeon

7. TARGET SPECIES

Dogs and cats.

8. DOSAGE FOR EACH SPECIES, ROUTE(S) AND METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION

The veterinary medicinal product is intended for:

-Dogs: intravenous or intramuscular use

-Cats: intramuscular use

The veterinary medicinal product is not intended for repeat injections.

Dexmedetomidine, butorphanol and/or ketamine can be mixed in the same syringe as they have been shown to be pharmaceutically compatible.

The following doses are recommended:

Dogs:

Dexmedetomidine doses are based on body surface area:

For non-invasive, mildly to moderately painful procedures and examinations requiring restraint, sedation and analgesia:

Intravenously: up to 375 micrograms/square metre body surface area. Intramuscularly: up to 500 micrograms/square metre body surface area

When administering in conjunction with butorphanol (0.1 mg/kg) for deep sedation and analgesia, the intramuscular dose of dexmedetomidine is 300 micrograms/square metre body surface area.

The premedication dose of dexmedetomidine is 125 – 375 micrograms/square metre body surface area, administered 20 minutes prior to induction for procedures requiring anaesthesia. The dose should be adjusted to the type of surgery, length of procedure and patient temperament.

Concomitant use of dexmedetomidine and butorphanol produces sedative and analgesic effects beginning no later than 15 minutes after administration. The peak sedative and analgesic effects are reached within 30 minutes after administration. Sedation lasts for at least 120 minutes post administration and analgesia lasts for at least 90 minutes. Spontaneous recovery occurs within 3 hours.

Premedication with dexmedetomidine will significantly reduce the dosage of the induction agent required and will reduce volatile anaesthetic requirements for maintenance anaesthesia. In a clinical study, the requirement for propofol and thiopental was reduced by 30% and 60% respectively. All anaesthetic agents used for induction or maintenance of anaesthesia should be administered to effect. In a clinical study, dexmedetomidine contributed to postoperative analgesia for 0.5 – 4 hours. However this duration is dependent on a number of variables and further analgesia should be administered in accordance with clinical judgement.

The corresponding doses based on body weight are presented in the following tables. Use of an appropriately graduated syringe is recommended to ensure accurate dosing when administering small volumes.

 

Dog

Dexmedetomidine

 

Dexmedetomidine

Dexmedetomidine

 

Weight

125 micrograms/m2

 

375 micrograms/m2

500 micrograms/m2*

 

(kg)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

 

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

 

9.4

0.04

 

28.1

0.12

0.15

 

 

8.3

0.05

 

0.17

0.2

 

 

7.7

0.07

 

0.2

0.3

 

 

5.1-10

6.5

0.1

 

19.6

0.29

0.4

 

 

10.1-13

5.6

0.13

 

16.8

0.38

0.5

 

 

13.1-15

5.2

0.15

 

15.7

0.44

0.6

 

 

15.1-20

4.9

0.17

 

14.6

0.51

0.7

 

 

20.1-25

4.5

0.2

 

13.4

0.6

0.8

 

 

25.1-30

4.2

0.23

 

12.6

0.69

0.9

 

 

30.1-33

0.25

 

0.75

1.0

 

 

33.1-37

3.9

0.27

 

11.6

0.81

1.1

 

 

37.1-45

3.7

0.3

 

0.9

14.5

1.2

 

 

45.1-50

3.5

0.33

 

10.5

0.99

1.3

 

 

50.1-55

3.4

0.35

 

10.1

1.06

13.5

1.4

 

 

55.1-60

3.3

0.38

 

9.8

1.13

1.5

 

 

60.1-65

3.2

0.4

 

9.5

1.19

12.8

1.6

 

 

65.1-70

3.1

0.42

 

9.3

1.26

12.5

1.7

 

 

70.1-80

0.45

 

1.35

12.3

1.8

 

 

>80

2.9

0.47

 

8.7

1.42

1.9

 

 

*only intramuscularly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For deep sedation and analgesia with butorphanol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dog

 

 

 

 

Dexmedetomidine

 

 

 

 

Weight

 

 

300 micrograms/m2 intramuscularly

 

 

 

(kg)

 

 

(mcg/kg)

 

 

(ml)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.16

 

 

 

 

 

22.2

 

 

 

0.2

 

 

 

5.1-10

 

 

16.7

 

 

 

0.25

 

 

 

10.1-13

 

 

 

 

 

0.3

 

 

 

13.1-15

 

 

12.5

 

 

 

0.35

 

 

 

15.1-20

 

 

11.4

 

 

 

0.4

 

 

 

20.1-25

 

 

11.1

 

 

 

0.5

 

 

 

25.1-30

 

 

 

 

 

0.55

 

 

 

30.1-33

 

 

9.5

 

 

 

0.6

 

 

 

33.1-37

 

 

9.3

 

 

 

0.65

 

 

 

37.1-45

 

 

8.5

 

 

 

0.7

 

 

 

45.1-50

 

 

8.4

 

 

 

0.8

 

 

 

50.1-55

 

 

8.1

 

 

 

0.85

 

 

 

55.1-60

 

 

7.8

 

 

 

0.9

 

 

 

60.1-65

 

 

7.6

 

 

 

0.95

 

 

 

65.1-70

 

 

7.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

70.1-80

 

 

7.3

 

 

 

1.1

 

 

 

>80

 

 

 

 

 

1.2

 

 

Cats:

The dose for cats is 40 micrograms dexmedetomidine hydrochloride/kg bw equal to a dose volume of 0.08 ml Cepedex/kg bw when used for non-invasive, mildly to moderately painful procedures requiring restraint, sedation and analgesia.

When dexmedetomidine is used for premedication in cats, the same dose is used. Premedication with dexmedetomidine will significantly reduce the dose of the induction agent required and will reduce volatile anaesthetic requirements for maintenance anaesthesia. In a clinical study, the requirement for propofol was reduced by 50%. All anaesthetic agents used for induction or maintenance of anaesthesia should be administered to effect.

Anaesthesia can be induced 10 minutes after premedication by intramuscular administration of a target dose of 5 mg ketamine/ kg bw or by intravenous administration of propofol to effect. Dosing for cats is presented in the following table.

Cat

Dexmedetomidine 40 micrograms/kg intramuscularly

Weight

 

 

(kg)

(mcg/kg)

(ml)

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

8.1-10

0.7

9. ADVICE ON CORRECT ADMINISTRATION

The expected sedative and analgesic effects are reached within 15 minutes after administration and are maintained up to 60 minutes after administration. Sedation may be reversed with atipamezole (see section 12 on overdose). Atipamezole should not be administered prior to 30 minutes following ketamine administration.

The stopper may be safely punctured up to 100 times.

10. WITHDRAWAL PERIOD

Not applicable.

11. SPECIAL STORAGE PRECAUTIONS

Keep out of the sight and reach of children.

Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: 56 days.

This veterinary medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

Do not use this veterinary medicinal product after the expiry date which is stated on the package after EXP.

The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

12. SPECIAL WARNINGS

Special warnings

The administration of dexmedetomidine to puppies younger than 16 weeks and kittens younger than 12 weeks has not been studied.

Special precautions for use in animals

Treated animals should be kept warm and at a constant temperature, both during the procedure and recovery.

It is recommended that animals are fasted for 12 hours prior to Cepedex administration. Water may be given.

After treatment, the animal should not be given water or food before it is able to swallow.

Corneal opacities may occur during sedation. The eyes should be protected by a suitable eye lubricant. To be used with precaution in elderly animals.

The safety of dexmedetomidine has not been established in males intended for breeding.

Nervous, aggressive or excited animals should be given the possibility to calm down before initiation of treatment.

Frequent and regular monitoring of respiratory and cardiac function should be performed. Pulse oximetry may be useful but is not essential for adequate monitoring. Equipment for manual ventilation should be available in case of respiratory depression or apnoea when dexmedetomidine and ketamine are used sequentially to induce anaesthesia in cats. It is also advisable to have oxygen readily available, should hypoxaemia be detected or suspected.

Sick and debilitated dogs and cats should only be premedicated with dexmedetomidine before induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia based on a risk-benefit assessment.

Use of dexmedetomidine as a premedicant in dogs and cats significantly reduces the amount of induction medicinal product required for induction of anaesthesia. Attention should be given during the administration of intravenous induction medicinal products to effect. Volatile anaesthetic requirements for maintenance anaesthesia are also reduced.

Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals

Dexmedetomidine is a sedative and sleep inducing drug. Care should be taken to avoid self-injection. In case of accidental oral intake or self-injection, seek medical advice immediately and show the package insert to the physician but DO NOT DRIVE as sedation and changes in blood pressure may occur.

Pregnant women should administer the product with special caution to avoid self-injection since uterine contractions and decreased foetal blood pressure may occur after accidental systemic exposure.

Avoid skin, eye or mucosal contact; the use of impermeable gloves is advisable. In case of skin or mucosal contact, wash the exposed skin immediately after exposure with large amounts of water and remove contaminated clothes that are in direct contact with skin. In case of eye contact, rinse abundantly with fresh water. If symptoms occur, seek the advice of a physician.

People with known hypersensitivity to the active substance or any of the excipients should administer the product with caution.

Advice to physicians: Cepedex is an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist, symptoms after absorption may involve clinical effects including dose-dependent sedation, respiratory depression, bradycardia, hypotension, a dry mouth, and hyperglycaemia. Ventricular arrhythmias have also been reported. Respiratory and haemodynamic symptoms should be treated symptomatically. The specific α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, atipamezole, which is approved for use in animals, has been used in humans only experimentally to antagonize dexmedetomidine-induced effects.

Use during pregnancy and lactation

The safety of dexmedetomidine has not been established during pregnancy and lactation in the target species. Therefore the use of the product during pregnancy and lactation is not recommended.

Interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

The use of other central nervous system depressants is expected to potentiate the effects of dexmedetomidine and therefore an appropriate dose adjustment should be made. Anticholinergics should be used with caution with dexmedetomidine.

Administration of atipamezole after dexmedetomidine rapidly reverses the effects and thus shortens the recovery period. Within 15 minutes dogs and cats are normally awake and standing.

Cats: After administration of 40 micrograms dexmedetomidine/kg bw intramuscularly concurrently with 5 mg ketamine/kg bw to cats, the maximum concentration of dexmedetomidine increased twofold but there was no effect on Tmax. The mean half-life of elimination of dexmedetomidine increased to 1.6 h and the total exposure (AUC) increased by 50%.

A dose of 10 mg ketamine/ kg used concurrently with 40 micrograms dexmedetomidine/ kg may cause tachycardia.

Atipamezole does not reverse the effect of ketamine.

Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes)

Dogs:

In cases of overdose, or if the effects of dexmedetomidine become potentially life- threatening, the appropriate dose of atipamezole is 10 times the initial dose of dexmedetomidine (micrograms/ kg bw or micrograms/ square meter body surface area). The dose volume of atipamezole at the concentration of 5 mg/ml equals the dose volume of Cepedex 0.5 mg/ml that was given to the dog, regardless of route of administration of Cepedex.

Cats:

In cases of overdose, or if the effects of dexmedetomidine become potentially life-threatening, the appropriate antagonist is atipamezole, administered by intramuscular injection, at the following dose: 5 times the initial dose dexmedetomidine in micrograms/kg bw. The dose volume of atipamezole at the concentration of 5 mg/ml is one-half (1/2) the volume of Cepedex 0.5 mg/ml that was given to the cat.

After concurrent exposure to an overdose of dexmedetomidine (3 times the recommended dose) and 15 mg ketamine/ kg, atipamezole can be administered at the recommended dose level for reversal of effects induced by dexmedetomidine.

Incompatibilities None known.

Dexmedetomidine is compatible with butorphanol and ketamine in the same syringe at least for two hours.

13. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR THE DISPOSAL OF UNUSED VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR WASTE MATERIALS, IF ANY

Ask your veterinary surgeon or pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures should help to protect the environment.

14. DATE ON WHICH THE PACKAGE LEAFLET WAS LAST APPROVED

15. OTHER INFORMATION

Colourless Type I glass vials of 5 ml, 10 ml and 20 ml closed with a coated bromobutyl rubber stopper and aluminium cap in a carton box.

Carton box pack sizes: 1 vial of 5 ml

1 or 5 vials of 10 ml

1 vial of 20 ml

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

For any information about this veterinary medicinal product, please contact the local representative of the marketing authorisation holder.

België/Belgique/Belgien

Lietuva

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Allemagne

Vokietija

Република България

Luxembourg/Luxemburg

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Германия

Däitschland

Česká republika

Magyarország

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Německo

Németország

Danmark

Malta

ScanVet Animal Health A/S

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Kongevejen 66

Ostlandring 13

DK-3480 Fredensborg

D-31303 Burgdorf

info@scanvet.dk

Il-Ġermanja

Danmark

 

Deutschland

Nederland

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Deutschland

Duitsland

Eesti

Norge

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

ScanVet Animal Health A/S

Ostlandring 13

Kongevejen 66

D-31303 Burgdorf

DK-3480 Fredensborg

Saksamaa

info@scanvet.dk

 

Danmark

Ελλάδα

Österreich

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Γερμανία

Deutschland

España

Polska

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Alemania

Niemcy

France

Portugal

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Allemagne

Alemanha

Hrvatska

România

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Njemačka

Germania

Ireland

Slovenija

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Germany

Nemčija

Ísland

Slovenská republika

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Þýskaland

Nemecko

Italia

Suomi/Finland

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Vet Medic Animal Health Oy

Ostlandring 13

PL 27

D-31303 Burgdorf

FI-13721 Parola

Germania

vetmedic@vetmedic.fi

 

Suomi

Κύπρος

Sverige

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

VM Pharma AB

Ostlandring 13

Box 45010

D-31303 Burgdorf

SE-104 30 Stockholm

Γερμανία

info@vetmedic.se

 

Sverige

Latvija

United Kingdom

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

CP-Pharma Handelsgesellschaft mbH

Ostlandring 13

Ostlandring 13

D-31303 Burgdorf

D-31303 Burgdorf

Vācija

Germany

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